Speeche given by JS-SBM: 24th Nov 2017 workshop

  • As mentioned by Secretary-HUA in the morning, under SBM Urban we are well on track to achieve our ODF targets. Till date, urban areas of 11 states / UTs have become ODF. In all, 1864 cities have declared themselves ODF, of which 1337 cities have been certified through third party verification. We expect another 6 states to become ODF by March 2018, and the whole of Urban India to become ODF by October 2018.
  • However, as far as Solid Waste Management is concerned, the general perception among citizens continues to be negative, owing largely to open dumping, littering, dump sites and visible eye-sores that unfortunately continue to plague our cities. 
  • It is a fact that this issue is a challenge not only in India but also internationally. You will be alarmed to know that every year, nearly 8 million tonnes of plastic are being dumped into our oceans and water bodies, because of human carelessness.
  • However, if you look at countries like Japan, Korea, Singapore who were among the most polluted in the 1950s or so, these countries, through stringent Solid Waste Management measures over the years have today emerged as some of the cleanest and garbage-free countries.
  • India has also embarked on this journey of cleanliness, though slightly behind other countries. In fact, the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission was a landmark event in our country’s quest for ‘swachhata’, with 100% scientific management of MSW as one of its key objectives. That, coupled with the promulgation of SWM Rules 2016 with its forward-thinking and revolutionary tenets, and promulgation of C&D waste rules, Plastic Waste Management rules etc have all combined to set the stage for India to accelerate its progress on effective Solid Waste Management.
  • As the Secretary had already mentioned in the morning, a variety of policy interventions have been introduced to encourage conversion of waste to value added products. Additionally, from the SBM Urban, we provide Central govt funding support of 35% of project cost for SWM projects.
  • I understand that as on date, approx. 27% of the waste generated is being processed. While the percentage of processing has been going up gradually, certain challenges continue to persist, viz.
    • Citizen engagement and behavior change
    • Segregation of waste at source
    • Compliance by bulk waste generators to SWM Rules 2016
    • Financially feasible and bankable models of collection, transportation, processing
    • Viable, sustainable, differentiated and affordable user fees

The presentation on best practices that we have organized today will attempt to address some of these challenges.

  • As regards Swachh Survekshan 2018, most of your queries have been answered in the previous session. As you are aware, M/s Karvy Data Management Services Ltd has been engaged by MoHUA to conduct the Swachh Surveskhan 2018. I hope you will take this opportunity to interact with the Karvy representatives who are present here today for further clarification of your queries. Additionally, we have invited representatives from Google, QCI and Janaagraha to answer any of your queries pertaining to uploading of CT/PT data on Google maps, or integration of your local apps with the Swachhata app.
  • On this issue, we will soon be launching a 2-month blitzkrieg of mass media communication campaign across the country. Parallely, I request all of you to intensify your campaigns at your states and cities to ensure maximum citizen participation during the Survekshan. We will soon be sharing with you the new creative for the campaign.
  • Safai Karamcharis including waste pickers are an integral part of Swachh Bharat Mission – the foot soldiers in your cities’ progress on sanitation and solid waste management. We have invited today the MD of National Safai Karamchari Finance Development Corporation, along with the Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, to present their policies and schemes for economic upliftment of safai karmacharis.
  • In order to benchmark cities on a standard rating tool on various SWM components, we have attempted to bring out a protocol for star-rating of Garbage Free cities. The first draft of the protocol has been shared with you. While the tool will help to gauge the ground level situation in cities, it will also act as a developmental tool to enable cities to incrementally improve their cleanliness situations and gradually evolve into garage free cities, with the award of stars acting as rewards to municipalities and their citizens. The tool, with increasing levels of stringency with increasing stars, will also be aspirational in nature, feeding cities’ ambitions and dreams of becoming an ideal city for its residents, and a role model for other cities to follow.
  • I will be presenting the protocol to you. I hope we can have some fruitful discussions around this which will enable us to strengthen the protocol further, while also making it easier to implement on the ground, without compromising on the robustness and aspirational aspects of the protocol.
  • (Presentation on 7-star rating protocol)


I hope that the discussions and deliberations from this workshop is helpful to the participating states and cities in implementing viable, affordable and sustainable solutions for a Swachh Bharat.

Last Updated:01-05-2018