Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Sector
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, is the nodal Ministry in charge of various aspects of Urban Development including Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in the country.The Ministry formulates the policies and strategies pertaining to various aspects of Urban Development including Water Supply, Sanitation and Municipal Solid Waste Management in the country and also provides technical and financial assistance to the States. The Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO) is Technical Wing of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, and assists the Ministry in the matters related to Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Including Solid Waste Management in the country. As per Constitution of India,” Water, that is to say, water supplies" falls within the legislative jurisdiction of the State Governments vise item 17 of the List II-State List under Seventh Schedule referred to in the Article 246(3) of the Constitution and States are vested with the constitutional right to plan, implement, operate and maintain water supply projects. Though water supply and sanitation is a State subject, CPHEEO acts as an Advisory body at Central level to advise the concerned State agencies and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in implementation, operation & maintenance of urban water supply, sanitation and Solid Waste Management projects and helps to adopt latest technologies in these sub sectors.